Tuesday, March 15, 2011

paper-EC-202 Dynamics of Human Relationship in "'Tara"

Assignment Paper   : EC-202
    Topic                     : Dynamics of Human Relationship in “Tara”
O      Student’s Name   : Gandhi Pooja S.
    Roll No                  : 09
·         URL                    : gandhipooja151011.blogspot.com
    Semester                : 2
O      Batch                    : 2010-11
              Submitted to,                                                          
              Mr. Devarshi Mehta                                               
              Department of English                       
              Bhavnagar University
v Dynamics of Human Relationship in “Tara”:
v Introduction:
                  Mahesh Dattani frequently takes as his subject the complicated dynamics of the modern urban family. His characters struggle for some kind of freedom and happiness under the weight of tradition. Cultural constructions of gender, and repressed desire. Their dramas are played out on multi level seats where interior and exterior become one, and geographical locations are collapsed in short, his settings are as fragmented as the families who inhabit them.
                 In his plays, Dattani takes on what he calls the “invisible issues” of Indian society. In an interview, Dattani says, you can talk about feminism, because I a way that is accepted. But you can’t talk about gay issues because that is not Indian, doesn’t happen here. You can’ talk about a middle class housewife fantasizing about having sex with the cook or actually having sex life - that isn’t Indian either that is confrontational even if it is Indian.
                 By pulling taboo subjects out from under the rug and placing them on stage for public discussion, Dattani challenges the constructions of “Indian” and “Indian” as they have traditionally been defined in modern theatre.
         Alyque Padamsee, calls
                  “Mahesh Dattani, as one of the most serious contemporary play wrights. At last we have a play Wright who gives sixty million English speaking Indians an identity. Dattani is one of the famous Indian-English dramatists. He has successfully launched the Indian theatre in English. In many of his plays, he deals with various issues like homosexuality, gender discrimination, dynamics of human nature, middle-class life, dynamics human relationship, revelation, etc.”
                    Mahesh Dattani, who has been acknowledged as “a playwright of world stature” has given a new direction t the current of Indian English drama. This drama “Tara” can be acknowledged as a page ad stage and to develop the stage as a powerful medium to manifest the cause of marginalizes and to capture the roots of the fractions of human psyche in the era of value crisis.
                    Dattani possesses an exceptional sensibility for the suffering in society born out of dynamics of relationship. His vision is not confined to socioreligious myths only, but he delves deep to examine the psyche relations of those who are the victims of them.
                    “Self” and “society” are two distinctive entities, still it is the harmony of the too that constitutes the balance of human life.
                    In the both of the scenes of “Tara”. Mr. Patel and Bharti both are continuously quarrelling with each other Mr.patel believes that, Bharti is the cause for Tara’s condition. In the scene Mr.patel says,
        “Because I do not want you to have the satisfaction of doing it.”
                  In this lines Mr. Patel blames on Bharti that he does not wants to satisfaction of Bharti’s behavior for Tara. And for Mr. Patel. Bharti is not important but his ego is more important than Bharti.
Mr. Patel-
          “I demand it from you”.
                  In this statement Mr.patel “demands” from Bharti not to give any suggestion regarding Tara. The word “demand” is more important because in the patriarchal society, we have that type of mentality that male members of the society are at the centre and female members are second than male. In this statement also Mr. Patel follows patriarchal society. And orders to Bharti not to give any suggestion.
                    In both of the scene Mr.patel and Bharti do not arrive at any conclusion. But there is no any result and problem had not solved. Because their conceptual reality differs from each other. For Mr. Patel, Bharti is not important but his ego is more important. Mr.patel follows patriarchal society. And Bharti is second than Mr. Patel. Both quarrels have no conclusion. Both were come to term with each other and more they find the problems in their relations.
                    For Chandan Mr.patel is a failure “feminism” women themselves are taught, internalize the reigning patriarchal ideology that is the conscious and unconscious  pre – suppositions about male – superiority; and so are conditioned to derogate their own sub – ordination.
                    For Chandan, Bharti is victim of patriarchal society; she is subordinate to Mr. Patel. After sometimes Chandan realizes that it was not Bharti’s fault but his fault. So he changes his name “Dan” to write the play and he describes escapist by Mahesh Dattani.
                    Tara is a cripple. But mentally. She is very strong than Chandan. She takes all the condition of the life with positive attitude.
                          “Enough, enough!”
                    That type of short sentences are occurred by Tara so perhaps Tara is physically challenged but intellectually strong. Tara is unheard.
                     “Two lives and one body”
                     Tara is emotionally attached with Chandan if one is suffered; other has also the same effect.
                   When Tara is aware about the reality of her mother, Bharti. Even though she lives her mother very much. When Bharti is in the mental hospital, she has a desire to meet her mother. Mr.patel defies going to hospital and meeting her mother. Therefore, in the play Mahesh Dattani develops mother – daughter relationship.
                     Roopa one of the comic character of the play. She is the symbol of society. She is like chameleon. She changes her behavior according to the people. Roopa comes to Tara and wants achieve the information about the situation of patel house. Roopa occurred English wrongly. So through that Roopa is illiterate for English language.
                   She describes the society means in the society, the people are like Roopa, and they change the behavior according to the people.
                 The familiar relationship is governed by male – psyche and female – psyche. Means male – writer and feminist critic. In the play, Tara is used by male – psyche and female – psyche. Patriarchal society and Bharti, Tara both are represents female psyche. Because through Tara is aware about the crime done by her mother, she lives her mother, Bharti. So Mahesh Dattani develops daughter – mother relationship. Male – psyche and female – psyche both are as different as North Pole and South Pole.
              Shashi Des Pandey- communicates, through “Indu” in the word “roots and shadows, fallon, woman lives they have told me, contain no choice. The women had no choice but to submit and accept. I had often wondered……..……. have they been born without wills, or have their wills atrophied through a life time of disuse.”
              Adrienne Rich
                         “Through motherhood is the experience of woman, the institution of motherhood is under male control and the physical situation of becoming a mother is disciplined by male. This glorious motherhood on imposed on women, conditions their entire life.”
v Conclusion:
                 Mahesh Dattani let her characters evolved somewhat different. Mahesh Dattani’s play are different from others in language, subject matter and he also deal with social problem.
                  Mahesh Dattani’s plats are “man to be performed not read”.   



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